Pakistan covers 796,095 square kilometers of land between latitudes 24° and 36°north and longitudes 61° and 76° east. At present, it faces serious energy problems: 95% of its electricity generation comes from hydropower, which becomes less productive during the driest, hottest months of the year and cannot keep pace with the sharp rise in energy demand. Also, about 70% cent of the population lives in some 50,000 villages dispersed around the country. Many of these villages are far from the main transmission lines of the national grid and because of their relatively small populations; it is usually not economically viable to connect these villages to the grid. Solar energy, on the other hand, has excellent potential in areas of Pakistan that receive high levels of solar radiation throughout the year. Every day, for example, the country receives an average of about 19 Mega Joules per square meter of solar energy.

Solar energy has excellent potential in Pakistan that receives 5.3KWh/m2 of solar radiation throughout the year. Solar Energy is available at a rate of 1000 watts per square meter in Pakistan. This can be converted to DC electricity with the help of Solar Photovoltaic cells, which may be used to pump water, operate fans, TV and telecommunications directly during daytime. The electrical energy generated during the day time (5-8 hours of sunshine), can also be stored in deep cycle lead acid batteries which can be used at night to provide power for electric appliances. Solar Photovoltaic Panels can generate enough electricity to pump water from depth of 350 ft, 700 ft and up to 1000 ft.

Solar energy is a potentially available renewable energy source in this region. This source can be utilized as an excellent alternative to fossil fuels for these areas. Solar energy resource is planned to successfully utilize for household applications and electrification of remotest villages of these areas.

Did you know that in 15 minutes the sun radiates as much energy as mankind consumes in all forms, during an entire year? And it does it every day – for free. Solar power is a safe, clean and renewable energy resource that will no doubt play a vital role in powering our future.

While the cost of all other energy sources, and thereby retail electricity, keeps rising; the cost of solar keeps coming down year-on-year. The idea is to utilize alternate resources to conserve energy. It not only provides clean solution but is also financially viable.

When properly designed, a PV system not only helps our environment, but it makes economical sense as well. Owners of PV systems make an important contribution to protecting the environment while enjoying the economic advantages of their clean electricity at the same time.

Solar powered technology has advanced a great deal in the past few decades. A Photo voltaic Cell is a device that generates electricity by reacting to the sunrays. In order to generate a significant amount of electricity, many of these cells are combined to create a solar panel. These panels are also known as photovoltaic cells, solar cells or solar panels.