For years, the matter of balancing Pakistan’s supply against the demand for electricity has remained a largely unresolved matter.
The country faces a significant challenge in revamping its network responsible for the supply of electricity.
Electricity generation in Pakistan has shrunk by up to 50% in the recent years, primarily due to an overreliance on fossil fuel. Load shedding (deliberate blackouts) and power blackouts have become severe in Pakistan in the recent years.

Time to switch
According to the Planning Commission of Pakistan, the peak power sector demand during fiscal year 2012-13 increased at 2,100 MW. Therefore, supply fell short and the supply demand gap remained between 4,500-6,000 MW. The electrical load pattern in the country varies from season to season; during summer season there is an increase in the inductive load.

In the summers of 2013, power shortfall varied from 6,500 MW to 8,500 MW while the entire country had to face daily blackouts of 8-22 hrs. These acute power shortages are forcing the industrial sector to work at underproduction level and are badly threatening the export performance of the country.

Energy Supply Demand in Pakistan (2002-2030)
The problem started after year 2005, when the energy supply fell short by 200 MW in the following year (see Figure 2). The supply-demand gap has increased ever since and is projected to go up to 23,700 MW by 2030. If the supply and demand would have increased in the same pattern as it did before year 2005, Pakistan would not have faced any power shortfalls. The UK, which has less than half the population than Pakistan, was generating 70,000 MW in 1970 whereas Pakistan is generating merely 22,000 MW at present. Hence, the problem lies at the supply end.